- This is a speech tool used when you anticipate stuttering on a word prior to actually stuttering on it.
- Prep sets require a person to ease on to a word with a slightly prolonged initial sound (i.e. hhhhhello).
- A similar tool is used with young children, easy speech. The difference is prep sets are only used when a person anticipates struggling on a word, as opposed to on all words that initiate a sentence.
- Prep sets can be used on words that you tend to stutter on and as a result this tool can be considered "preventative."
- This strategy is considered a "stuttering modification" tool as it's goal is to help a person stutter more comfortably and in a more forward moving way.
WHY DO PREP SETS WORK?
- Increases airflow (as often there is a stoppage, especially during a block)
- Changes the articulatory posture (the shape that your lips, tongue, jaw, etc. are in) to a posture that will allow for the intended sound to escape in a more forward-moving way. Often PWS will initiate a word with an articulatory posture that does not match the one necessary to begin the sound. For instance, an open mouth posture (ex. a posture to emit the sound "uh") when the person is trying to say "bye" which requires a closed mouth posture to make the "b" sound.
- Cancellations and pull-outs work in much the same manner, but prep sets are used prior to a stuttering moment as opposed to during or after, as seen with the other two tools.
WHAT DOES A PREP SET SOUND LIKE?
- "Hhhhi, my name is Brooke."
- Listen to the audio sample above to hear what a prep set sounds like.